Cosmetic Dermatology

Botox

The muscles of facial expression cause wrinkles on the forehead, around the eyes, around the mouth, and on the neck after years of contracting.


Before Treatment

After Treatment

Botulinum toxin is a neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. It is used in very small doses to block certain muscle contractions and spasms. In 2002, the FDA announced the approval of botulinum toxin type A (BOTOX Cosmetic) to temporarily improve the appearance of moderate-to-severe frown lines between the eyebrows (glabellar lines). Botox is now commonly used to treat wrinkles on the forehead, around the eyes and mouth, and on the neck. BTX-A has also been approved for the treatment of excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis).

Botox is also used for:

  • migraine headaches
  • cervical dystonia (a neuromuscular disorder involving the head and neck)
  • blepharospasm (involuntary contraction of the eye muscles)
  • strabismus
  • axillary hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating)
  • urinary incontinence
  • anal fissure
  • spastic disorders related to injury or disease of the central nervous system (trauma, stroke, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy)
  • focal dystonias affecting the limbs, face, jaw, or vocal cords
  • temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain disorders